Anniversary of the First National Congress of the CPC
Chen Duxiu, first Chairman of the Central Committee, would ultimately be expelled from the Party after siding with Leon Trotsky against the International.
Bao Huiseng would defect to the Kuomintang in 1927. Following the establishment of the People’s Republic, he would return and be rehabilitated, writing some of the earliest memoirs of the Communist Party’s history.
Li Da would leave the Party, in opposition to what he viewed as reformism, but maintain close ties with his Comrades. He would ultimately rejoin the Party following the founding of the People’s Republic. He is remembered as one of the leading Marxist philosophical minds of the time.
Li Hanjun, younger brother of Li Shucheng, would later leave the Party and join the Kuomintang; he would be murdered by the New Guangxi warlord clique.
Zhang Guotao would later be expelled from the Party and join the Kuomintang, and then flee to Canada, where he died in 1979.
Liu Renjing would abandon the Party after siding with Leon Trotsky, and then the Kuomintang; he would later be rehabilitated.
Dong Biwu would go on to serve with distinction until his death in 1975; becoming known as one of the Five Elders of Yan’an, and serving as the only Communist Party representative in the Chinese delegation at the founding session of the United Nations. His official obituary described him as a great Marxist, an outstanding proletarian revolutionary, and a founding father of the People’s Republic. Of all the Comrades of the First National Congress, he and Mao Zedong would be the only two present for the founding of the People’s Republic on October 1st, 1949.
Chen Tanqiu would go on to serve as a representative to the Communist International, and play a key role in organizing the February 7th Jinghan Railway Strike. He would be re-elected to the third, fifth, and sixth National Congresses. He would likewise be re-elected to the seventh Congress in 1943, his Comrades not knowing that he had been captured and executed by the warlord Sheng Shicai.
Wang Jinmei would serve honorably, but briefly; dying of illness in 1925, shortly after attending the National Assembly.
Deng Enming would serve bravely. Arrested in 1929 by the Kuomintang, in 1931 he and his Comrades would be led to the killing grounds of Weiba Road in Jinan City, and would sing the Internationale in the face of the firing squad. In 2009 he would be honored as one of the 100 heroes of New China.
Mao Zedong would go on to lead the Communist Party following the Long March; he would serve until his death in 1976. He is remembered by all as the leading Comrade in the founding of the People’s Republic, and by countless Socialists around the world as one of the five “Great Heads” of Marxism-Leninism, alongside Karl Marx, Friedrich Engels, Vladimir Lenin, and Joseph Stalin; the greatest revolutionaries to have ever lived.
He Shuheng would go on to serve courageously. In February of 1935 he would be captured and executed by the Kuomintang whilst fighting in the guerilla campaign to cover the retreating forces of the Long March.
Chen Gongbo would later leave the Party, and served as the President of the Japanese collaborationist regime following Wang Jingwei’s death. Following the Japanese surrender, he was found guilty of treason and executed.
Zhou Fohai would leave the Party as well, serving as Vice President in Wang Jingwei’s regime. Following the Japanese surrender, he was found guilty of treason, and died in prison.
Li Dazhao would go on to help forge the united front with the Kuomintang, playing a leading role in the Northern Expedition. Despite taking refuge in the Soviet Embassy in Beijing, following the collapse of the united front he had worked so hard to build he would be arrested and executed, along with nineteen other Nationalists and Communists, by the Fengtian clique on April 28th 1927.
Cai Hesen would go on to be re-elected to the 3rd, 4th, 5th, and 6th Central Committees, as well as serving as a representative to the International. In 1931, he would be arrested by British authorities in Hong Kong and extradited to warlord-controlled Guangzhou, where he would be executed.
Gao Junyu would accompany Dr. Sun Yat-sen to Guangzhou in 1924, working as his secretary. In 1925, he would die suddenly of illness in Beijing. His partner, Shi Pingmei, is likewise remembered as one of the most important female writers of the age. The story of their love would be fictionalized in the story “Ivory Rings,” and, after Shi Pingmei’s death and burial next to Gao Junyu, would become a place of pilgrimage for young couples highlighted by Premier Zhou Enlai as an example of how love and revolution are inseparable.
Deng Zhongxia would go on to serve courageously. Advocating immediate armed uprising when Chiang Kai-shek’s Kuomintang forces betrayed the Communists in 1927, he would play a pivotal role in reorganizing and reigniting the Communist cells and organizations that had been all but crushed by the sudden betrayal. In 1932, he would secretly return to Shanghai to continue the struggle from underground. He would be discovered, arrested, and, on September 21st, 1933, having refused to turn against his Comrades, executed.